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Cancer Types Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center

At Memorial Sloan Kettering, we care for people with all types of cancer and allied diseases. Find detailed information about our approach to diagnosis and treatment, doctors who specialize in your type of cancer, and links to related news and …

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URL: https://www.mskcc.org/cancer-care/types

Cancer Vaccines Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center

Therapeutic cancer vaccines train your body to protect itself against its own damaged or abnormal cells — including cancer cells. These vaccines expose your immune system to molecules associated with cancer that enables the immune system to recognize and destroy cancer cells. One FDA-approved vaccine for cancer is sipuleucel-T (Provenge

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Treatment for Appendiceal Cancer Memorial Sloan

At Memorial Sloan Kettering, treatment of appendix cancer depends on the stage of the cancer, the type of tumor, and your general health. Your team may include a surgical oncologist, who performs the surgery, and a medical oncologist, who prescribes and monitors chemotherapy. Radiation therapy is not a common treatment for appendix cancer.

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Gum Cancer Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center

Gum cancer is a type of head and neck cancer that begins when cells in the upper or lower gums grow out of control and form lesions or tumors. These cancers are often mistaken for gingivitis. Mouth Cancer Doctors, Surgeons & Experts Meet Memorial Sloan Kettering’s renowned team of …

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Anal Cancer Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center

Cancer of the anus is a rare disease that affects approximately 8,500 people in the United States each year, according to the American Cancer Society. It occurs more commonly in women than in men. It is estimated that more than 90 percent of anal cancer is caused by the human papillomavirus, or HPV, a common sexually transmitted virus.

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Lycopene Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center

To prevent and treat cancer Lycopene is an antioxidant. One clinical trial suggested that preventative use of lycopene supplements reduces the spread of localized prostate cancer, but there is no other proof from clinical trials that lycopene can treat cancer.

Category:  Prostate Go Cancer

Vitamin C Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center

Cancer Res. Oct 1 2008;68(19):8031-8038. Lawenda BD, Kelly KM, Ladas EJ, et al. Should supplemental antioxidant administration be avoided during chemotherapy and radiation therapy? J Natl Cancer Inst. Jun 4 2008;100(11):773-783.

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Ephedra Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center

Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center makes no warranties nor express or implied representations whatsoever regarding the accuracy, completeness, timeliness, comparative or controversial nature, or usefulness of any …

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Superoxide Dismutase Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer …

Targeting SOD1 reduces experimental non–small-cell lung cancer. J Clin Invest. 2014 Jan 2;124(1):117-28. Landeen KC, Spanos WC, Gromer L. Topical superoxide dismutase in posttreatment fibrosis in patients with head and neck cancer. Head …

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Inner Cheek Cancer (Buccal Mucosa Cancer) Memorial Sloan

Inner cheek cancer (also called buccal mucosa cancer) is a type of head and neck cancer that begins when the cells that make up the inner cheek grow out of control and form lesions or tumors. Buccal mucosa is another name for the inside lining of the cheeks. These cancers usually occur in the thin, flat cells called squamous cells that line the buccal mucosa and other parts of …

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Salivary Gland Cancer Symptoms Memorial Sloan Kettering

A lump in the jaw or mouth is the most common symptom of salivary gland cancer. Lumps can also form in the lips. A lump in the neck may be caused by an enlarged lymph node. Swelling in one or more lymph nodes in the neck is a common symptom of salivary gland cancer, as well as other types of head

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Stages of Colon Cancer Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer

If your care team diagnoses you with colon cancer, the next step is figuring out the stage of the cancer, or how advanced it is. Staging helps us design a plan that treats you in the most effective way possible. So your care team can determine the …

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Tongue Cancer Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center

Tongue cancer is a type of head and neck cancer that begins when the cells that make up the tongue grow out of control and form lesions or tumors.. There are two parts to your tongue, the oral tongue and the base of the tongue.Cancer can develop in either part. The oral tongue is the part you see when you stick out your tongue.

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Hard Palate Cancer Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center

Hard palate cancer is a type of head and neck cancer that begins when cells that make up the bony part of the roof of the mouth grow out of control and form lesions or tumors.. The hard palate creates a barrier between the mouth and the nasal cavity. Cancers that develop there tend to spread into the nasal cavity when they become more advanced.

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Bacillus Calmette-Guérin (BCG) Therapy for Bladder Cancer

If you’re at a high risk of non-muscle-invasive bladder cancer returning after transurethral resection, we may recommend that you receive a type of immunotherapy called bacillus Calmette-Guérin (BCG) therapy. It is given once a week for six weeks. This therapy is …

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Surgery for Bone Cancer Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer

Cryosurgery. Cryosurgery (the freezing and killing of cancer cells) is sometimes used in addition to surgery for some bone cancer patients. After removing the bone tumor, we use liquid nitrogen to freeze the tumor cavity to subzero temperatures. This kills microscopic tumor cells and decreases the chance that the tumor will recur (come back).

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Uterine (Endometrial) Cancer Signs & Symptoms Memorial

More than 90 percent of women with uterine (endometrial) cancer experience abnormal vaginal bleeding. In some cases, the bleeding may appear as vaginal discharge that is watery, pink, or white instead of red. Women in their late 30s and early 40s may also experience heavy bleeding between periods

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Chemotherapy for Ovarian Cancer Memorial Sloan Kettering

Chemotherapy for Ovarian Cancer. Chemotherapy is usually the first treatment for most women with ovarian cancer. Chemotherapy works by interrupting the growth of cancer cells. It is given either to shrink cancer cells before surgery, or to destroy any tumor cells that might be left behind after surgery. Usually chemotherapy is injected into the

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Stages of Ovarian Cancer Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer

cancer cells have spread to the closest lymph nodes, called the retroperitoneal lymph nodes.; The surgeon cannot see the cancer with the naked eye, but using a microscope to examine the samples, the pathologist can see that the cancerous cells have spread to the outside the pelvis to the peritoneum (lining).

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Chemotherapy for Colon Cancer Memorial Sloan Kettering

Chemotherapy for Colon Cancer. Medical oncologist Andrew Epstein focuses on improving care for our patients with colorectal cancer by integrating cancer treatment and palliative medicine. Colon cancer surgery can cure many people. However, some people develop undetectable microscopic tumor cells that eventually can become new tumors.

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The Future of Cancer Research: Five Reasons for Optimism

Using a patient’s own immune system to fight his or her cancer, known as immunotherapy, is the fruition of a century-old idea.MSK researchers have played a major role in the development of nivolumab and ipilimumab, two drugs that boost the cancer-fighting powers of the immune system’s T cells.These two drugs belong to a class of immunotherapy treatments …

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Types of Mouth Cancer Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center

Hard Palate Cancer. It is rare for cancer to begin in the hard palate, but when it does the most common sign is an ulcer on the roof of the mouth. Inner Cheek Cancer (Buccal Mucosa Cancer) Learn about the symptoms and treatment of inner cheek cancer, also called buccal mucosa cancer. Lip Cancer. Lip cancer is highly curable when diagnosed early.

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Floor of Mouth Cancer Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center

Floor of mouth cancer is a type of head and neck cancer that begins when the cells that make up the floor of the mouth (the horseshoe-shaped area under the tongue) grow out of control and form lesions or tumors. These cancers are often mistaken for canker sores. Using tobacco products, particularly chewing tobacco, and regularly drinking too much alcohol can increase your …

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Bladder Cancer Stages Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center

Stage IV cancer is the most advanced form of bladder cancer. It is called metastatic. This means the cancer has spread to distant lymph nodes or organs. Cancers that have spread beyond the bladder into the wall of the abdomen or pelvis are also considered Stage IV. Stage IV cancer is usually treated with chemotherapy and, more recently, with

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Iron in Your Diet Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center

Nutrition and Cancer Patient Login Find a doctor Make an appointment Insurance For Child & Teen Patients. For Child & Teen Patients. Overview Learn About Pediatric Cancers Life at MSK Kids Hear from our Patients Educational Resources FAQs Find …

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Living Beyond Prostate Cancer Memorial Sloan Kettering

Cancer and its treatment are a challenge for anyone, regardless of age. But if you’re over 65, you may face unique issues that only affect people in your age group. We’re committed to providing cancer patients of all ages with the treatment, facilities, and support they need.

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Colon Cancer Diagnosis Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer

Colon cancer is often found after symptoms appear. But most people with early-stage colon cancer don’t have symptoms. Those usually only develop with more-advanced disease. That’s why we recommend regular screening tests to detect and diagnose colon cancer at an early stage, when it’s easier

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Lip Cancer Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center

Lip cancer is a type of head and neck cancer that begins when the cells that make up the lip grow out of control and form lesions or tumors. It is the most common cancer of the mouth. Lip cancer usually develops in the thin, flat cells called squamous cells that line the lips and other areas of the mouth.

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Prostate Cancer Signs & Symptoms Memorial Sloan

Many men with prostate cancer have no noticeable symptoms. Often, the first sign of the disease is an abnormal finding on a routine screening exam. Or you may notice one or more of the following symptoms: a frequent urge or inability to urinate, or waking more frequently during the night to urinate

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Lung Cancer: Why The Most Common Cancer is Also the Most

Fact: Anyone can get lung cancer, whether you've smoked or not. Yes, that means if you have lungs, you can get lung cancer. It is the number one cancer killer of both men and women, and kills more women than breast, ovarian, and cervical cancers combined. And yet it raises half the fundraising of

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Thyroid Cancer Symptoms Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer

Many people with thyroid cancer don’t have any signs or symptoms of the disease. One symptom of thyroid cancer may be small, painless lumps or swellings called nodules in the front of the neck. Other symptoms can include: hoarseness trouble swallowing breathing problems pain in the throat or neck

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Esophageal Cancer: Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD

Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) is a chronic condition that involves a backflow of stomach contents into the esophagus. This can happen when the sphincter muscle that separates the esophagus from the stomach does not function properly, or when pressure within the stomach is greater than that exerted by the sphincter.

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Testicular Cancer Clinical Trials Memorial Sloan

The following clinical trials for testicular cancer are currently enrolling patients. Learn more about clinical trials. Search by keywords: and/or Trial phase: 5 Clinical Trials found A Phase II Study of Durvalumab and Tremelimumab Immunotherapy to Treat Persistent or Recurrent Germ Cell Tumors Diseases: Germ Cell Tumors

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Ovarian Cancer Diagnosis Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer

The following tests and procedures can help determine if you have ovarian, fallopian tube, or peritoneal cancer (the peritoneum is a layer of tissue that lines your abdomen). They can also help in determining the stage of the cancer, and build a treatment plan specifically for you. Imaging Tests. Following a pelvic exam, we may recommend you

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Prostate Cancer Nomograms: Risk of Dying of Prostate

This nomogram can be used by patients to estimate the risk of dying of prostate cancer if their cancer recurs, signaled by a rising PSA, after radical prostatectomy. The nomogram predicts the likelihood, in a man initially treated with surgery, that he will die of prostate cancer five, ten, and 15 years from the time his PSA begins to rise.

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Jessica's Story Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center

Hear from Our Patients; Jessica's Story. By Memorial Sloan Kettering Editorial Staff One of Jessica Tar’s biggest fears about the surgery to treat her tongue cancer was the possibility of losing her ability to speak clearly, which would prevent her from pursuing a …

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Stages of Stomach Cancer Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer

Our gastric cancer experts use the TNM system to describe the stage of a cancer: T stands for how deep the tumor is in the stomach wall. N represents whether the tumor has spread to nearby lymph nodes. M indicates whether cancer has metastasized — that is, …

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Cervical Cancer Screening Guidelines Memorial Sloan

Detecting changes in cells in the cervix as early as possible can prevent cancer or make it easier to treat. Tests including a Pap test and a human papillomavirus (HPV) test are used to look for these changes. (A Pap test is also called a Pap smear, cervical cytology testing, or liquid-based

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Head and Neck Cancer Screening: Guidelines and Tests

The term "head and neck cancer" encompasses a wide range of tumors that occur in several areas of the head and neck region, including the nasal passages, sinuses, mouth, throat, larynx (voice box), swallowing passages, salivary glands, and the thyroid gland. Our doctors recommend a yearly physical examination of the head and neck and oropharynx conducted by their …

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Prostate Cancer Nomograms Memorial Sloan Kettering

Our prostate cancer nomograms are prediction tools designed to help patients and their physicians understand the nature of their prostate cancer, assess risk based on specific characteristics of a patient and his disease, and predict the likely outcomes of treatment.

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Colon Cancer Signs & Symptoms Memorial Sloan Kettering

Colon cancer can be challenging to detect because you may feel only slight symptoms or even none at all. By the time you do feel symptoms, the cancer may be more advanced. For this reason, depending on your age, family history, and other risk factors, we may recommend regular screening for colon

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Research Topics Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center

Research Topics. At Memorial Sloan Kettering, scientific inquiry unites researchers with diverse expertise from across our academic programs and medical departments. Learn about some of our most intensively pursued topics of investigation.

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Colon Cancer Treatment Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer

Surgery is the most common treatment for people with colon cancer. At MSK, we have pioneered some of the most-advanced colon cancer treatments, including minimally invasive surgeries, which use smaller incisions than traditional surgeries.

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Cervical Cancer Symptoms & Signs Memorial Sloan

Cervical cancer presents a special challenge because you may not notice any signs or symptoms, especially when the condition is in its earliest stages. Because it can stay “hidden,” it’s important to start getting regular cervical cancer screening …

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