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Cancer: MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia

Cancer. Cancer is the uncontrolled growth of abnormal cells in the body. Cancerous cells are also called malignant cells. Cancer grows out of cells in the body. Normal cells multiply when the body needs them, and die when they are damaged or the body doesn't need them. Cancer occurs when the genetic material of a cell becomes changed.

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Diet and cancer: MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia

The ACS recommends the following lifestyle choices to reduce stomach and esophageal cancer risk: Eat a diet rich in fruits, vegetables, and whole grains. Consume at least 2½ cups (300 grams) of fruits and vegetables daily. Lower your intake of processed meats, smoked, nitrite-cured, and salt-preserved foods; emphasize plant-based proteins.

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How to research cancer: MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia

Cancer studies. It can be interesting to read the latest study about a new cancer drug or treatment. Just do not read too much into a single study. New ways to diagnose, treat, and prevent cancer are only adopted after many years of research. Integrative medicine (IM). Many people with cancer look for alternative therapies. Use care when

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Cancer and lymph nodes: MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia

Cancer can start in the lymph nodes. This is called lymphoma. There are several types of lymphomas, such as non-Hodgkin lymphoma. Cancer cells can also spread to the lymph nodes from a cancer in any part of the body. This is called metastatic cancer. Cancer cells break off from a tumor in the body and travel to an area of lymph nodes.

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Cancer prevention: take charge of your lifestyle

Good food choices can build up your immune system and may help protect you from cancer. Take these steps: Eat more plant-based foods like fruits, beans, legumes, and green vegetables. Drink water and low-sugar drinks. Avoid processed foods from boxes and cans. Avoid processed meats like hotdogs, bacon, and deli meats.

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Vaginal cancer: MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia

Cancer that starts in the vagina is called primary vaginal cancer. This type of cancer is rare. Most primary vaginal cancers start in skin-like cells called squamous cells. This cancer is known as squamous cell carcinoma. The other types include: The cause of squamous cell carcinoma of the vagina is unknown. But a history of cervical cancer is

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How childhood cancers are different from adult cancers

When cancer occurs in children, it often affects: The most common cancer in children affects blood cells. It is called acute lymphocytic leukemia. While these cancers can happen in adults, they are less common. Other types of cancer, such as prostate, breast, colon, and lung are much more likely in adults than children.

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Eye Cancer Retinoblastoma MedlinePlus

Cancer of the eye is uncommon. It can affect the outer parts of the eye, such as the eyelid, which are made up of muscles, skin and nerves. If the cancer starts inside the eyeball it's called intraocular cancer. The most common intraocular cancers in adults are melanoma and lymphoma. The most common eye cancer in children is retinoblastoma

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Cell phones and cancer: MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia

At this time it is not clear if there is a link between cell phone use and cancer. Studies that have been conducted have not reached consistent conclusions. More long-term research is needed. WHAT WE KNOW ABOUT CELL PHONE USE. Cell phones use low levels of radiofrequency (RF) energy.

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Testicular cancer: MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia

Testicular cancer is the most common cancer in young and middle-aged men. It can also occur in older men, and in rare cases, in younger boys. White men are more likely than African American and Asian American men to develop this type of cancer. There is no link between vasectomy and testicular cancer.

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Immunotherapy for cancer: MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia

Immunotherapy for cancer. Immunotherapy is a type of cancer treatment that relies on the body's infection-fighting system (immune system). It uses substances made by the body or in a lab to help the immune system work harder or in a more targeted way to fight cancer. This helps your body get rid of cancer cells.

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Helping your child understand a cancer diagnosis

Cancer is contagious. Many children think that cancer can spread from person to person. Make sure to let your child know that you cannot "catch" cancer from someone else. Everyone dies from cancer. You can explain that cancer is a serious illness, but millions of people survive cancer with modern treatments.

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Cancer--Living with Cancer: MedlinePlus

Cancer is common. Half of all men and a third of women will get a diagnosis of cancer in their lifetime. Many people with cancer do survive. Millions of Americans alive today have a history of cancer. For most people with cancer, living with the disease is the biggest challenge they have ever faced. It can change your routines, roles and

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Uterine Cancer Endometrial Cancer Hysterectomy

The uterus, or womb, is the place where a baby grows when a women is pregnant.There are different types of uterine cancer. The most common type starts in the endometrium, the lining of the uterus. This type is also called endometrial cancer.

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Cancer Chemotherapy

Cancer cells keep growing without control. Chemotherapy is drug therapy for cancer. It works by killing the cancer cells, stopping them from spreading, or slowing their growth. However, it can also harm healthy cells, which causes side effects. You may have a lot of side effects, some, or none at all.

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Penile cancer: MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia

The cancer usually affects middle age and older men. Symptoms. Early symptoms may include: Sore, bump, rash, or swelling at the tip or on the shaft of the penis; Foul-smelling discharge beneath the foreskin; As the cancer advances, symptoms may include:

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Cancer treatment

Cancer can sometimes cause pain. This pain can come from the cancer itself, or from the treatments for cancer. Treating your pain should be part of your overall treatment for cancer. You have a right to receive treatment for cancer pain. There are many medicines and other treatments that can help.

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Anal cancer: MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia

Anal cancer is cancer that starts in the anus. The anus is the opening at the end of your rectum. The rectum is the last part of your large intestine where solid waste from food (stool) is stored. Stool leaves your body through the anus when you have a bowel movement. Anal cancer is fairly rare.

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Lung Cancer Lung Cancer Symptoms MedlinePlus

Lung cancer is cancer that forms in tissues of the lung, usually in the cells that line the air passages. It is the leading cause of cancer death in both men and women. There are two main types: small cell lung cancer and non-small cell lung cancer. These two types grow differently and are treated differently.

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Hyperthermia for treating cancer: MedlinePlus Medical

Hyperthermia for treating cancer. Hyperthermia uses heat to damage and kill cancer cells without harming normal cells. It may be used for: A small area of cells, such as a tumor. Parts of the body, such as an organ or limb. The whole body. Hyperthermia is almost always used together with radiation or chemotherapy.

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Dealing with chronic cancer: MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia

Dealing with chronic cancer. Sometimes cancer cannot be fully treated. This means there is no way to get rid of the cancer completely, yet the cancer also may not progress rapidly. Some cancers can be made to go away but come back and are treated successfully again. It may be possible to control the cancer for months or years.

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Breast Cancer Breast Cancer Symptoms MedlinePlus

Inflammatory breast cancer, in which cancer cells block lymph vessels in the skin of the breast. The breast becomes warm, red, and swollen. This is a rare type. Paget's disease of the breast, which is a cancer involving the skin of the nipple. It usually also affects the darker skin around the nipple.

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Your cancer diagnosis

Cancer is a serious disease, and you should feel confident in your diagnosis and comfortable with your treatment plan. If you have doubts about either, talking to another doctor can help give you peace of mind. Getting a second opinion can help confirm the opinion of your first doctor, or provide guidance on other treatment options.

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Bone Cancer MedlinePlus

The most common symptom of bone cancer is pain. Other symptoms vary, depending on the location and size of the cancer. Surgery is often the main treatment for bone cancer. Other treatments may include amputation, chemotherapy, and radiation therapy. Because bone cancer can come back after treatment, regular follow-up visits are important.

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Colorectal Cancer Colon Cancer Rectal Cancer MedlinePlus

Colorectal cancer occurs when tumors form in the lining of the large intestine. It is common in both men and women. The risk of developing colorectal cancer rises after age 50. You're also more likely to get it if you have colorectal polyps, a family history of colorectal cancer, ulcerative colitis or Crohn's disease, eat a diet high in fat, or

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Non-small cell lung cancer: MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia

Non-small cell lung cancer is the most common type of lung cancer. It usually grows and spreads more slowly than small cell lung cancer. There are three common types of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC): Adenocarcinomas are often found in an outer area of the lung. Squamous cell carcinomas are usually found in the center of the lung next to an

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Articles about Cancer NIH MedlinePlus Magazine

April 05, 2019 Spotting skin cancer: Tips from the National Cancer Institute. Skin cancer is the most common form of cancer in the U.S. It's also largely preventable.

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CA 19-9 Blood Test (Pancreatic Cancer): MedlinePlus

CA 19-9 is a type of tumor marker. Tumor markers are substances made by cancer cells or by normal cells in response to cancer in the body. Healthy people can have small amounts of CA 19-9 in their blood. High levels of CA 19-9 are often a sign of pancreatic cancer. But sometimes, high levels can indicate other types of cancer or certain

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Breast cancer screening: MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia

Breast cancer screenings can help find breast cancer early, before you notice any symptoms. In many cases, finding breast cancer early makes it easier to treat or cure. But screenings also have risks, such as missing signs of cancer.

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Metastasis: MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia

Metastasis is the movement or spreading of cancer cells from one organ or tissue to another. Cancer cells usually spread through the blood or the lymph system. If a cancer spreads, it is said to have "metastasized." Whether or not cancer cells spread to other parts of the body depends on many things, including:

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Cáncer: MedlinePlus enciclopedia médica

El cáncer se origina de células en el cuerpo. Las células normales se multiplican cuando el cuerpo las necesita, y mueren cuando se dañan o cuando el cuerpo ya no las necesita. El cáncer se presenta cuando el material genético de una célula cambia. Eso provoca que las células crezcan fuera de control. Las células se dividen demasiado

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Tumor Marker Tests: MedlinePlus Medical Test

Tumor markers are substances made by cancer cells or normal cells in response to cancer in the body. These tests can help find out if your cancer has spread, if treatment is working, or if cancer has returned after you've finished treatment. Learn more.

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Cancer Immunotherapy: MedlinePlus

Immunotherapy is a cancer treatment that helps your immune system fight cancer. It is a type of biological therapy. Biological therapy uses substances that are made from living organisms, or versions of these substances that are made in a lab. Doctors don't yet use immunotherapy as often as other cancer treatments, such as surgery, chemotherapy

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Prostate cancer staging: MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia

Cancer staging is a way to describe how much cancer is in your body and where it is located in your body. Prostate cancer staging helps determine how big your tumor is, whether it has spread, and where it has spread.. Knowing the stage of your cancer helps your cancer team:

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CA-125 Blood Test (Ovarian Cancer): MedlinePlus Medical Test

Ovarian cancer happens when there is uncontrolled cell growth in a woman's ovary. Ovarian cancer is the fifth most common cause of cancer death in women in the U.S. Because high CA-125 levels can be a sign of other conditions besides ovarian cancer, this test is not used to screen women at low risk for the disease. A CA-125 blood test is most

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PDL1 (Immunotherapy) Tests: MedlinePlus Medical Test

Some cancer cells have high amounts of PDL1. This allows the cancer cells to "trick" the immune system, and avoid being attacked as foreign, harmful substances. If your cancer cells have a high amount of PDL1, you may benefit from a treatment called immunotherapy. Immunotherapy is a therapy that boosts your immune system to help it recognize

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Genetic testing and your cancer risk: MedlinePlus Medical

Genetic testing and your cancer risk. The genes in our cells play important roles. They affect hair and eye color and other traits passed on from parent to child. Genes also tell cells to make proteins to help the body function. Cancer occurs when cells begin to act abnormally.

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Breast cancer staging: MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia

Once your health care team knows you have breast cancer, they will do more tests to stage it.Staging is a tool the team uses to find out how advanced the cancer is. The stage of the cancer depends on the size and location of a tumor, whether it has spread, and how far the cancer has spread.

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After chemotherapy

After chemotherapy - discharge. You had chemotherapy treatment for your cancer. Your risk for infection, bleeding, and skin problems may be high. To stay healthy after chemotherapy, you'll need to take good care of yourself. This includes practicing mouth care, preventing infections, among other measures.

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Parathyroid cancer: MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia

Parathyroid cancer is a cancerous ( malignant) growth in a parathyroid gland. The parathyroid glands control the calcium level in the body. There are 4 parathyroid glands, 2 on top of each lobe of the thyroid gland, which is located at the base of the neck. Parathyroid cancer is a very rare type of cancer. It affects men and women equally.

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Hormone therapy for prostate cancer: MedlinePlus Medical

Androgens cause prostate cancer cells to grow. Hormone therapy for prostate cancer lowers the effect level of androgens in the body. It can do this by: Stopping the testicles from making androgens using surgery or medicines. Blocking the action of androgens in the body. Stopping the body from making androgens.

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Breast cancer in men: MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia

The cause of breast cancer in men is not clear. But there are risk factors that make breast cancer more likely in men: Exposure to radiation; Higher estrogen levels due to factors such as heavy drinking, cirrhosis, obesity, and some medicines to treat prostate cancer Heredity, such as a family history of breast cancer, mutated BRCA1 or BRCA2 gene, and …

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Renal pelvis or ureter cancer: MedlinePlus Medical

Cancer can grow in the urine collection system, but it is uncommon. Renal pelvis and ureter cancers affect men more often than women. These cancers are more common in people older than 65. The exact causes of this cancer are not known. Long-term (chronic) irritation of the kidney from harmful substances removed in the urine may be a factor.

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Bladder cancer: MedlinePlus Genetics

Bladder cancer is a disease in which certain cells in the bladder become abnormal and multiply uncontrollably to form a tumor. The bladder is a muscular organ in the lower abdomen that stores urine until it can be removed (excreted) from the body.. Bladder cancer may cause blood in the urine, pain during urination, frequent urination, the feeling of needing to urinate without being …

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Spotting skin cancer: Tips from the National Cancer

Common types of skin cancer: The three most common types are found on the top layer of the skin: basal cell, squamous cell, and melanoma. Exposure to the sun and ultraviolet rays are the leading cause of these types of cancer. Basal cell cancer grows in areas of your body that are more exposed to the sun, such as your head and neck.

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Radiation Therapy: MedlinePlus

Radiation therapy is a cancer treatment. It uses high doses of radiation to kill cancer cells and stop them from spreading. About half of all cancer patients receive it. The radiation may be external, from special machines, or internal, from radioactive substances that a doctor places inside your body. The type of radiation therapy you receive

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