Comprehensive Cancer Information

National Cancer Act 50th Anniversary Commemoration. Help commemorate 50 years of the National Cancer Act, the landmark legislation that changed the landscape of cancer research and care for the better. The "Best" Cancer Is the One that Never Happens. Learn how cancer prevention, screening, and early detection are advancing.

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Symptoms of Cancer

Cancer can cause many symptoms, but these symptoms are most often caused by illness, injury, benign tumors, or other problems. If you have symptoms that do not get better after a few weeks, see your doctor so that problems can be diagnosed and treated as early as possible.

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Cancer Statistics

The rate of new cases of cancer (cancer incidence) is 442.4 per 100,000 men and women per year (based on 2013–2017 cases). The cancer death rate (cancer mortality) is 158.3 per 100,000 men and women per year (based on 2013–2017 deaths). The cancer mortality rate is higher among men than women (189.5 per 100,000 men and 135.7 per 100,000 women).

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Treatment for Cancer

Some people with cancer will have only one treatment. But most people have a combination of treatments, such as surgery with chemotherapy and/or radiation therapy. You may also have immunotherapy, targeted therapy, or hormone therapy. Clinical trials might also be an option for you. Clinical trials are research studies that involve people.

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Risk Factors for Cancer

Cancer risk factors include exposure to chemicals or other substances, as well as certain behaviors. They also include things people cannot control, like age and family history. A family history of certain cancers can be a sign of a possible inherited cancer syndrome.

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Cancer Causes and Prevention

Cancer prevention is action taken to lower the risk of getting cancer. This can include maintaining a healthy lifestyle, avoiding exposure to known cancer-causing substances, and taking medicines or vaccines that can prevent cancer from developing.

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Coronavirus: What People with Cancer Should Know

NCI’s Cancer Information Service (CIS) can help answer questions that you or a loved one may have about COVID-19 or your cancer care. To reach the CIS: Call 1-800-4-CANCER ( 1-800-422-6237) Monday through Friday from 9:00 a.m. to 9:00 p.m. ET in English or Spanish. After business hours, recorded information is available.

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Breast Cancer—Patient Version

Breast cancer is the second most common cancer in women after skin cancer. Mammograms can detect breast cancer early, possibly before it has spread. Start here to find information on breast cancer treatment, causes and prevention, screening, research, and statistics.

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The Challenges of Living with Metastatic Cancer

Bethany Ross has been living with metastatic neuroendocrine cancer since she was diagnosed in 2018. Since 2018, Bethany Ross has started a new job, run four half marathons, and been treated for metastatic cancer. The 33-year-old software engineer was diagnosed with stage IV neuroendocrine cancer 3 years ago, after vomiting every day for months.

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¿Qué es el cáncer

Cáncer es el nombre que se da a un conjunto de enfermedades relacionadas. En todos los tipos de cáncer, algunas de las células del cuerpo empiezan a dividirse sin detenerse y se diseminan a los tejidos del derredor. El cáncer puede empezar casi en cualquier lugar del cuerpo humano, el cual está formado de trillones de células.

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News & Events

NIH study illuminates origins of lung cancer in never smokers. September 6, 2021. NCI scientists and their international collaborators have found that the majority of lung cancers in never smokers arise when mutations caused by natural processes in the body accumulate. They also identified three subtypes of lung cancer these individuals.

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Nausea and Vomiting and Cancer Treatment

What Cancer Treatments Can Cause Nausea and Vomiting? Nausea and/or vomiting can be side effects of most cancer treatments. For example, surgery, some types of chemotherapy, immunotherapy, targeted therapy, and radiation therapy to certain parts of the body may cause these side effects.

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National Cancer Institute

NCI's Dictionary of Cancer Terms provides easy-to-understand definitions for words and phrases related to cancer and medicine.

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Primary Bone Cancer

Primary bone cancer is rare. It accounts for much less than 1% of all new cancers diagnosed. In 2018, an estimated 3,450 new cases of primary bone cancer will be diagnosed in the United States ( 1 ). Cancer that metastasizes (spreads) to the bones from other parts of the body is called metastatic (or secondary) bone cancer and is referred to by

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National Cancer Institute

Frederick National Laboratory for Cancer Research . Bioinformatics, Big Data, and Cancer. Key Initiatives. Progress. Annual Report to the Nation. Research Advances by Cancer Type. Stories of Discovery. Milestones in Cancer Research and Discovery. Resources for …

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Cancer: A Historic Perspective SEER Training

Cancer: A Historic Perspective. Since the earliest medical records were kept, cancer as a disease has been described in the history of medicine.The earliest known descriptions of cancer appear in seven papyri, discovered and deciphered late in the 19th century.

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Prostate Cancer—Patient Version

Prostate cancer is the most common cancer among men in the United States. Prostate cancer usually grows very slowly, and finding and treating it before symptoms occur may not improve men’s health. Start here to find information on prostate cancer treatment, …

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Monoclonal Antibodies

Monoclonal antibodies can cause side effects, which can differ from person to person. The ones you may have and how they make you feel will depend on many factors, such as how healthy you are before treatment, your type of cancer, how advanced it is, the type of …

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Chemotherapy to Treat Cancer

Ease cancer symptoms Chemotherapy can be used to shrink tumors that are causing pain and other problems. Who Receives Chemotherapy. Chemotherapy is used to treat many types of cancer. For some people, chemotherapy may be the only treatment you receive. But most often, you will have chemotherapy and other cancer treatments.

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Tumor Markers in Common Use

Cancer types or cancer-like conditions: Cutaneous melanoma, Erdheim-Chester disease, Langerhans cell histiocytosis, colorectal cancer, and non-small cell lung cancer What's analyzed: Tumor How used: To help determine treatment. C-kit/CD117. Cancer types: Gastrointestinal stromal tumor, mucosal melanoma, acute myeloid leukemia, and mast cell disease

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Cáncer en español

Página principal del Instituto Nacional del Cáncer que ofrece información en español sobre diferentes temas relacionados con el cáncer.

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Cancer Therapy Interactions With Foods and Dietary Supplements …

Over one-third of adults with cancer in the United States use some form of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM). CAM medical products may include dietary supplements, herbal products, and special teas. Taking anticancer drugs and CAM together may cause adverse outcomes.. When dietary supplements, herbs, or other forms of CAM are taken with an …

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Immunotherapy for Cancer

Immunotherapy is a type of cancer treatment that helps your immune system fight cancer. The immune system helps your body fight infections and other diseases. It is made up of white blood cells and organs and tissues of the lymph system.. Immunotherapy is a type of biological therapy.Biological therapy is a type of treatment that uses substances made from living organisms to …

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Female Breast Cancer — Cancer Stat Facts

Female breast cancer is most common in middle-aged and older women. Although rare, men can develop breast cancer as well. The rate of new cases of female breast cancer was 129.1 per 100,000 women per year based on 2014–2018 cases, age-adjusted.

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Nivolumab and Relatlimab for Advanced Melanoma

People diagnosed with advanced melanoma may soon have a new treatment option that combines two immunotherapy drugs. In a large clinical trial, people with advanced melanoma treated with nivolumab (Opdivo) and a new drug called relatlimab—which targets a protein called LAG-3—lived longer without their cancer getting worse than those treated only with nivolumab.

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Robert T. Croyle, PhD Division of Cancer Control and Population …

Robert Croyle, PhD, is a senior advisor in the Office of the Director, Division of Cancer Control and Population Sciences (DCCPS), National Cancer Institute (NCI). Dr. Croyle served as DCCPS Director from July 2003 to October 2021. In this role, he was responsible for overseeing a research portfolio and operating budget of more than a half

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Pituitary Tumors—Patient Version

Pituitary tumors are usually not cancer and are called pituitary adenomas. They grow slowly and do not spread. Rarely, pituitary tumors are cancer and they can spread to distant parts of the body. Explore the links on this page to learn more about pituitary tumor treatment and clinical trials

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SEER Inquiry System

Cancer Statistics. Reports on Cancer. Annual Report to the Nation on the Status of Cancer. Cancer Stat Facts. Cancer Statistics Review. SEER Publications. National Childhood Cancer Registry. Interactive Tools, Maps, & Graphs. SEER*Explorer. Cancer Query Systems. Understanding Statistics. Did You Know? Video Series

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National Childhood Cancer Registry

The National Childhood Cancer Registry (NCCR) is a rapidly growing public health surveillance data resource. Its primary goal is to provide a platform to better understand the causes, outcomes, effective treatments, and later effects of cancer among children, adolescents, and young adults in the U.S. Developed under the NCI Childhood Cancer Data Initiative (CCDI), the NCCR contributes to the

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SEER Inquiry System

SINQ 20210006 states that: For purposes of Summary Stage, intramucosal carcinoma is a localized lesion So, intramucosal carcinoma is coded SEER Summary Stage 1 (localized) and (behavior code 3). According to the text for EOD Primary Tumor, Colon and Rectum, Note 2 below, intramucosal, NOS involvement is invasive.

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SEER Inquiry System

Cancer Statistics. Reports on Cancer. Annual Report to the Nation on the Status of Cancer. Cancer Stat Facts. Cancer Statistics Review. SEER Publications. National Childhood Cancer Registry. Interactive Tools, Maps, & Graphs. SEER*Explorer. Cancer Query Systems. Understanding Statistics. Did You Know? Video Series

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